Since natural recourses are drying out, the powerful countries have become concerned about fueling their manufacturing processes. In the last couple of years, there has been a lot of debate about renewable energy how it can improve our existence. Even though some countries accepted this new concept, the dominant economic forces are still lacking. They choose to rely on traditional energy recourse, thinking they are more reliable. We have a perfect example of Iceland. This country isn’t blessed with wind and sunlight, but 100% of Iceland’s electricity comes from renewables. We have U.S. and Australia that have set up targets to reach some percentage in the future. But, in case of Iceland, it’s happening now, today!
The heating and air conditioning systems in homes and office building are powered by geothermal energy. Also, electric sockets that power home appliances and devices are powered by hydroelectricity. But Island isn’t alone in this, other countries like Costa Rica, Albania, Ethiopia, Paraguay, and Norway adopted the same principle. The electricity produced in these states is 100% green.
These changes significantly decrease the greenhouse gas emissions, the same emission that is endangering the Great Barrier Reef, and California’s Redwood Forests, among other precious ecosystems.
But, renewable energy seems out of reach for countries like the U.S. and the UK. For example, Australia is rich in renewable recourses and has the money to invest in this technology, yet, only 15% of electricity is sourced from renewables. This is one of the main reasons why Australia’s energy is more expensive, less reliable and more damaging to the environment and ecosystem.
Wind power is one of the most significant features of the U.S. Ironically, the country, with the largest wind capacity, is Texas. We all know that Texas is famous for oil. Wind power can be sent straight to the electric grid, or it can be stored in batteries. The trouble with saving is that batteries that are big enough cost a lot of money. But, thank God for billionaires.
Last year, we had Elon Musk who became a sensation in South Australia. He decided to make the biggest lithium-ion battery in 100 days, or it’d be free. He managed to complete this task in 60 days. By drawing energy from the nearby wind turbines, the battery has a capacity of 100MW, making it three times large than any other battery ever made. It is designed to help in needy situations and can withstand up to three hours, which makes it an excellent choice of short, rapid bursts of power.
When we look at all statistics and data gathered over the years, we can conclude the renewable energy will become our future. But, currently, the biggest obstacle is developed countries that can’t imagine their manufacturing process without fuel. But, as we run out of resources, we will have to find a way to continue our lives, without destroying our planet, natural habitats, and everything that survives in them.